By Constantin Fasolt
In 1311, on the council of Vienne, William Durant the more youthful (c. 1266-1330), the French bishop and count number, demanded that common councils should meet each ten years so one can position powerful limits at the papal plenitude of energy simply because 'what touches all has to be licensed via all'. this is often the 1st systematic interpretation of William Durant's extraordinary venture to move ideally suited legislative authority from the papacy to basic councils. It means that the conciliar idea has a extra ambivalent complexion than is usually famous. It confirms, at the one hand, that constitutional rules have been deeply embedded within the culture of the church, which enabled Durant to count on the council of Constance by way of greater than 100 years. however, Durant attributed an expert to historic legislations that overrode his republican rules, sapped their power, and introduced him on a pursuit of the real which means of the legislations which may finish in simple terms in his transformation into an historian and a reluctant champion of monarchy. William Durant the Younger's rules hence support us to appreciate either the origins of the conciliar concept and the transition from overdue medieval reform events to early smooth humanism and princely sovereignty.
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Extra resources for Council and Hierarchy: The Political Thought of William Durant the Younger
586, agrees that 'the conciliar movement succeeded in reuniting the Western Church in 1417, but failed in its reformist and constitutionalist aims. ' Seidlmayer, Review of B. Tierney, pp. 156-73, and Baumer, 'Die Erforschung', pp. 2 9 34, stressed the degree to which Tierney's emphasis on the canonists had been anticipated by Bliemetzrieder and suggested that his interpretation of Hostiensis amounts to 'Uberinterpretation'. Similarly Walther, Imperiales Konigtum, p. 187. Sieben, Konzilsidee des lateinischen Mittelalters, p.
More broadly, since the Tractatus Maior played a central role in the history of the conciliar theory, it is an attempt as well to identify the fundamental factors that would eventually shape the meaning of the decrees of Constance and Basle. It may surprise and possibly irritate the reader to discover how closely I have juxtaposed specific empirical details concerning, for example, the distribution of fiefs in the Gevaudan during the Albigensian wars or the benefices bestowed by the papacy on Durant's relatives with highly abstract speculations about hierarchy, commonwealth, history, and sovereignty.
255: 'Uber dieses grundsatzliche Verhaltnis zueinander geben unsere Definitionen des Generalkonzils [that is, the definitions of the decretists and the decretalists] eine Auskunft, wie sie klarer nicht sein kann: das Generalkonzil gibt es schlechterdings nicht ohne den Papst, wohl aber den Papst ohne das Generalkonzil! 77 The differences of opinion about William Durant the Younger's treatise must therefore not be seen in isolation. 78 This makes the interpretation of the Tractatus Maior an especially challenging, but also an especially rewarding task.
Council and Hierarchy: The Political Thought of William Durant the Younger by Constantin Fasolt