By Raymond G. Miltenberger
Habit amendment, ideas and methods is a textual content that makes use of an actual, step-by-step, medical method of clarify human habit. Key case experiences and examples are used to demonstrate key ideas.
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Extra resources for Behaviour Modification: Principles and Procedures
In addition to his laboratory research demonstrating basic behavioral principles, Skinner wrote a number of books in which he applied the principles of behavior analysis to human behavior (see later). Skinner’s work is the foundation of behavior modiﬁcation (Skinner, 1938, 1953a). Early Behavior Modiﬁcation Researchers After Skinner laid out the principles of operant conditioning, researchers continued to study operant behavior in the laboratory (Catania, 1968; Honig, 1966). In addition, in the 1950s, researchers began demonstrating behavioral principles and evaluating behavior modiﬁcation procedures with people.
Later, the dog salivated in response to the sound of the metronome alone. Pavlov called this a conditioned reﬂex (Pavlov, 1927). Introduction to Behavior Modiﬁcation 9 Edward L. Thorndike (1874–1949) Thorndike’s major contribution was the description of the law of effect. The law of effect states that a behavior that produces a favorable effect on the environment is more likely to be repeated in the future. In Thorndike’s famous experiment, he put a cat in a cage and set food outside the cage where the cat could see it.
As stated earlier, behavior modiﬁcation places emphasis on recent environmental events as the causes of behavior. However, knowledge of the past also provides useful information about environmental events related to the current behavior. For example, previous learning experiences have been shown to inﬂuence current behavior. Therefore, understanding these learning experiences can be valuable in analyzing current behavior and choosing behavior modiﬁcation procedures. Although information on past events is useful, knowledge of current controlling variables is most relevant to developing effective behavior modiﬁcation interventions because those variables, unlike past events, can still be changed.
Behaviour Modification: Principles and Procedures by Raymond G. Miltenberger