American Anthropology, 1921-1945: Papers from the "American - download pdf or read online

By George W. Stocking Jr. (ed.)

ISBN-10: 0803292961

ISBN-13: 9780803292963

From the Nineteen Twenties throughout the finish of global struggle II, American anthropology grew in complexity while its scope turned more and more international and modern. a lot insightful and leading edge paintings persevered to be produced via students operating with local American and primary state groups, however the major contributions of these carrying out study overseas quickly grew to become challenging to disregard. the character of tradition and acculturation have been scrutinized and theorized approximately many times; the connection among tradition and character turned a big topic of inquiry; specific ancient reconstructions have been joined via extra synchronic stories of cultures; and extra anthropologists gave consciousness to present occasions and to unraveling the intricacies of contemporary tradition. The self-discipline as an entire moved clear of affiliations with museums and in its place forged itself as a social technology in the academy; even as, executive sponsorship of anthropological examine elevated markedly via New Deal projects and wartime courses of the Nineteen Forties.

The thirty-nine decisions during this quantity characterize the more and more diversified components of study and variety of lasting accomplishments in American anthropology throughout the interwar interval. Introducing those essays is a historic assessment of yank anthropology in this period by way of George W. Stocking Jr.

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By George W. Stocking Jr. (ed.)

ISBN-10: 0803292961

ISBN-13: 9780803292963

From the Nineteen Twenties throughout the finish of global struggle II, American anthropology grew in complexity while its scope turned more and more international and modern. a lot insightful and leading edge paintings persevered to be produced via students operating with local American and primary state groups, however the major contributions of these carrying out study overseas quickly grew to become challenging to disregard. the character of tradition and acculturation have been scrutinized and theorized approximately many times; the connection among tradition and character turned a big topic of inquiry; specific ancient reconstructions have been joined via extra synchronic stories of cultures; and extra anthropologists gave consciousness to present occasions and to unraveling the intricacies of contemporary tradition. The self-discipline as an entire moved clear of affiliations with museums and in its place forged itself as a social technology in the academy; even as, executive sponsorship of anthropological examine elevated markedly via New Deal projects and wartime courses of the Nineteen Forties.

The thirty-nine decisions during this quantity characterize the more and more diversified components of study and variety of lasting accomplishments in American anthropology throughout the interwar interval. Introducing those essays is a historic assessment of yank anthropology in this period by way of George W. Stocking Jr.

Show description

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Extra info for American Anthropology, 1921-1945: Papers from the "American Anthropologist"

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7), instead of placing it on a surer foundation, was itself left stranded on the mudflats of history. The rather musty aura of the ethnology of the 1920s is largely an emanation from the sort of work just discussed and reflects perhaps the institutional prominence of Kroeber, Dixon, and Wissler—who were the central figures at Berkeley, Harvard, and the American Museum respectively, and who were each moreover particularly responsive to the hard-science critique of cultural anthropology. ’’ In retrospect, this formulation may be seen as a prospectus for much of the anthropology of the interwar period, although the latter was also to be informed by exogenous scientizing impulses of a non- or even anti-Boasian character.

Retrospectively, it seems clear that in a certain sense this was indeed the case. ∞ Although its fulfillment was a post-war phenomenon, this process was reflected in changing terminological emphases by 1945. ‘‘Ethnology’’ no longer held the field as the rubric encompassing inquiry into human cultural variability. Many anthropologists now distinguished between ‘‘ethnology’’ and ‘‘social anthropology’’—not so much in Radcliffe-Brownian terms, but rather as receptacles for the traditional and the newer trends respectively.

But under the editorship of Ralph Linton—perhaps the best single candidate for ‘‘representative man’’ in the World War II introduction 31 period—the Anthropologist published a number of articles treating in some general theoretical way the nature of ‘‘culture’’ (see selections nos. 35, 36). ’’∞≤ Nevertheless, a range of issues that had been raised in the two decades since Kroeber’s ‘‘Superorganic’’ were given more explicit formulation; and one can specify a number of emergent trends, which within a few years were to be more systematically treated in Kroeber and Kluckhohn’s encyclopedic review.

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American Anthropology, 1921-1945: Papers from the "American Anthropologist" by George W. Stocking Jr. (ed.)


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