By Bronislaw Malinowski
Malinowski provides during this e-book his definitive assertion of the speculation of functionalism. because the crucial clue to the certainty of human habit, primitive and civilized, he analyzes the useful precept that tradition is an exam of the basics of anthropology for the aim of creating a basic approach to provide an explanation for the proof of tradition through this principle.
Originally released 1944.
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Extra info for A Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays
In the work of Tylor we would select his pioneering attempt to give a minimum definition of religion, his method of relating causally the relevant factors of human organization, and his ability to distinguish in most of his work the relevant outline of human institutions. Westermarck has contributed more to our knowledge of human marriage and the family by the correct appreciation of such relationships, of the vitality of the domestic institution, and by his penetrating intuitive insight as to the purely ceremonial role of various wedding rites, than by his evolutionary linking up of human marriage with the pairing of apes, birds, and reptiles.
63 (19^4); A. M. , pp. 201-209. CONCEPTS AND METHODS OF ANTHROPOLOGY 33 for instance, in so far as they are based on definite records or on archaeological evidence, give results which can be empirically verified, hence can be of scientific value. Dr. B. Laufer's study on the potter's wheel and certain contributions to the history of American culture (T. A. Joyce, A. V. Kidder, N. C. Nelson, H. J. Spindcn, L. Spier) are methodologically acceptable, though they belong to archaeology rather than to the science of living races and cultures.
The individual goes to sleep and wakes up in his home, in a hostel, in a camp, or in some "institution," whether it be Sing Sing, a monastery, or a residential college. Each of these represents a system of organized and coordinated activities in which service is given and taken, in which a material shelter with the minimum of comforts, or the maximum, is provided, which is run at a certain expense and paid for, which contains an organized group of people who administer it and which has a set of rules, more or less codified, which the inmates have to follow.
A Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays by Bronislaw Malinowski